Propaganda from China’s Cultural Revolution: an icebreaker into red propaganda

Image One: The Great Proletarian Leader

The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution must be waged to the end Source

Context: This poster is from 1973 of Mao Zedong, greeting the Red Guard during the Cultural Revolution. It was created by artists that had come back from labor camps. The caption, “Chairman Mao’s heart beats as one with the hearts of the revolutionary masses.”

Bias Ice Breaker: Do you think this picture has a bias? Is it intentional or unintentional? What do you think was the artists intentions? Why do you think an artist would create an image glorifying Mao and the Red Guard after returning from a labor camp?

Student Response: I think this poster has a bias because maybe the artists were trying to prove that they weren’t anti-Mao, so they created art that showed Mao in a positive light.

Image Two: A Good Red Guard

Criticize the old world and build a new world with Mao Zedong Thought as a weapon Source

Context: This poster is propaganda promoting Mao’s Little Red Book that contained quotes from Chairman Mao. The idea of this poster was “It is small and bound in a red plastic cover so you can always carry it with you. A good Red Guard knows the book by heart and rarely reads anything else.”

Questioning Ice Breaker: What questions do you have? What does the context contribute to this poster? What is going on in this poster? Is the person in the poster young or old? Does it matter?

Student Response: I wonder why this poster wants people to carry the book everywhere with them. It looks like it’s a young person, but he has that arm band which kind of reminds me of the Nazi’s so I think it shows that there is some group thing going on.

Image Three

Chairman Mao and Premier Zhou together with us Source

Context: This poster is of an imaginary scene of Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai sitting in Tiananmen Square talking with Red Guards. It was created in 1977 which is after the end of the Cultural Revolution. The caption going down the side says that Mao and Zhou are together with us.

Anomalies Ice Breaker: What do you notice is weird/off about this poster? What surprises you?

Student Response: I noticed that this was created in 1977 which is just after the Cultural Revolution ended. I thought it was a horrible time period where a lot of people were hurt so I think it’s weird that this poster shows everyone all happy after something so bad had happened. There’s also fireworks going on in the background which makes it seem like they are celebrating something, maybe the end of the Cultural Revolution?

WWI Propaganda Image Detective

Propaganda Poster 1

Lest Liberty Perish from the Face of the Earth – Buy Bonds Source
Propaganda is meant to send a message to the people viewing it, typically its meant to motivate them to think a certain way or do something. What is going on in this image? What statue is that? Who is being attacked?
What is the message of this picture? What is at stake? What does this poster want people to do? Do you think the picture as a whole is conveying its message successfully? How would you feel if you saw this?

Propaganda Poster 2

Let’s Take Care of the Poultry. I am a Fine War Hen. I Eat Little and Produce a Lot Source
What is going on in this picture? “Soignons la Basse-cour” translates to “lets take care of the poultry.” This was created by a 16 year-old girl. Why do you think she created this?
This translates to “I am a fine war hen. I eat little and produce a lot” When paired with “lets take care of the poultry” what does this poster want people to do? If this was created by a 16 year old, what does this poster say about the French war effort during WWI?
Give Your Money for Victory: Victory Means Peace Source
What is going on in this picture? What is it implying? What does it say about the Italian war effort? “Banca Italiana di Sconto” translates to “Italian Discount Bank” who are sponsoring this poster. What does the bank want people to do?
This translates to “Give Your Money for Victory: Victory Means Peace.” Based on these propaganda posters, what do you think people were most concerned about during WWI? Do you think these posters were effective ways of achieving people’s participation in the war effort? What are modern forms of propaganda and how do we spot them?

A New Normal: Distanced Learning

During this time of distanced learning, teachers and students find themselves adapting to a different kind of learning. This type of learning is meant to protect our communities and people we care about by limiting the spread of COVID-19 so we can one day, hopefully, return to our classrooms and normal group gatherings. However, this poses new challenges for teachers because it requires them to take the traditional classroom, typically filled with bustling energy and important socialization, online. Online education is an opportunity to incorporate new tools and technology into a schools curriculum. New apps are being created every day that can have a classroom application where students are creating their own work with the knowledge they gain from class. Timeline creators can be a fun way for students to grasp sequences of events and evaluate cause-and-effect relationships. With the online aspect, students can also share their work with classmates and get creative. Through access of millions of pictures, layouts, themes, and content, students are really able to express themselves and guide their own learning. As teachers, we need to formulate our classroom in ways that inspire students to learn. Content should be relevant and students should express themselves. We should be flexible with due dates and get creative with how we perceive participation. Since students may not have access to the same technology or internet, we should do our best to compromise with students and allow them to show their work how they want or at least give several options in terms of how we want assignments to be turned in or what assignments can be.

It is important now more than ever to also build a sense of community among students because due to social-distancing, students can feel isolated and stressed during these important formative years. Because of our need to interact with people, I believe, as teachers, we need to make sure our students know that we are here to support them and create an online environment where students feel comfortable chatting with each other in chat rooms, video calling each other, and overall still feel connected to their school community. This can be accomplished through meeting with students one-on-one and checking in with them frequently to get to know them and offer our support in these times. Students should also be encouraged to study with each other over video calls and talk about their day or academic content if they would like. Synchronous parts of class should be informative and value their time as students, and their willingness to ‘show-up’, therefore transitions should be smooth and offer a time for students to discuss what they are learning in their asynchronous part of class. While asynchronous parts of online teaching is student-directed learning, teachers should be readily available to talk to students or host group study sessions.

Online learning can be an isolating experience. However, with proactive planning and working on creative alternatives within departments, we can make this experience a little less lonely by showing our students that we care about them and that we value the time they are putting in. I am nervous going into my student teaching because I really want my students to know that I’m trying my best and that I care about them. I also want to inspire my students to learn and make the content not only interesting but accessible to students. This is a learning experience for all of us and we should approach it with compassion, empathy, and relevant content.